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How to Grow Haworthia


Haworthias are small, easy-to-grow plants. They form a spiky rosette of upright, spotted, or striped, succulent leaves. Haworthia grows in matlike groups. Their distinctive foliage shapes and patterning make them delightful additions to a window garden. 

HHowarthias bear small, tubular to funnel-shaped white flowers in loose racemes

Haworthia is a genus of about 160 species of dwarf, basal-rosette, more or less stemless perennial succulents.

Get to Know Haworthia

  • Plant type: Succulent evergreen perennial
  • Growing Zones and range: 10-11
  • Hardiness: 35℉ (1.7℃)
  • Optimal growing temperature: day, 68° to 80°F (20° to 27°C); night, 50° to 70°F (10° to 21°C). 
  • Light: Bright to medium light; no direct sunlight
  • Height and width: 3”- 8” tall and wide, depending on the type
  • Foliage: Forms rosettes of sharply pointed, flesh brownish to green leaves with a network of white veins
  • Flowers: Occasional white blooms atop slender stems
  • Uses: Houseplant, outdoors in warm regions
  • Common name: Pearl plant, wart plant 
  • Botanical name: Haworthia
  • Family: Liliaceae
  • Origin: Namibia, South Africa

Where to Plant Haworthia

  • Grow Haworthia in bright to medium light, but not direct sunlight.
  • Indoors grow Haworthia in bright, indirect, or filtered light from eastern or western exposure. 
  • Grow Haworthia in cactus soil in shallow pots.
Haworthia fasciata, zebra Haworthia
Haworthia fasciata, Zebra Haworthia

How to Water and Feed Haworthia

  • Water whenever the soil surface feels dry to the touch. From early summer to mid-fall, the plant’s rest period, water only when the soil feels dry to 1 inch below the surface.
  • Let the soil dry moderately between thorough waterings. Avoid overwatering.
  • Haworthia wants humidity of 20% to 25%. 
  • Feed Haworthia oce a year, in spring, with phosphorus-rich fertilizer; for plants at least 1 year old. 

Haworthia Care

  • Pot-on Haworthia when roots occupy ½ of pot space, in spring. Remove dead leaves. 
  • Haworthia rests from winter to early spring. Keep Haworthia in a cool place at about 60°F (16°C). Water only enough to keep leaves from shriveling. 

Growing Haworthia as a Houseplant

  • Haworthia fasciata grows well as a houseplant.
  • Give Haworthia bright to direct light or grow it under fluorescent light.
  • Maintain a warm daytime temperature, a cooler temperature at night, and low humidity.
  • Allow the soil to dry between thorough waterings.
  • Fertilize Haworthia once a year in spring or summer.

Haworthia Pests and Diseases

  • Check for aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, root rot, scale. Haworthia is usually trouble-free.

Haworthia Propagation

  • Propagate Haworthia by offsets; separate offsets and pot them up.

Haworthia Varieties to Grow

  • Haworthia attenuata. Clump-formingl narrow, dark green leaves marked with white dotted warts; dull pink flowers.
  • H. cymbiformis. Tapering smooth or finely toothed leaves; has semi-transparent bumps on the tops of leaves; pinkish-white flowers.
  • H. faciata (zebra hawworthia, fairy washboard). Low rosette of dark green leaves, 2 inches (5 cm) long, marked with even bands of white dots; greenish white blooms.
  • H. limifolia (fairy washboard). Stiff, triangular, dark green leaves in a flattened rosette; white bands are less distinct than in H. fasciata
  • H. margaritifera (pearl plant). Erect clusters of 3 inch (8 cm) long, pointed leaves, with scattered white dots. grayish green to reddish-brown leaves are spotted and striped.
  •  H. reinwardtii (wart plant). Closely packed, small, wedge-shaped leaves on a 6-inch (15 cm) stem; undersides bear irregular patterns of white dots. H. retusa; fine white teeth edge the sides of rosettes; green keeled white flowers.
  • H. setata (lace haworthia). Small stemiess rosettes of many leaves; bristly white teeth give it a lacy look.
  • H. subfasciata. Triangular leaves to 5 inches (13 cm) long, with rows of translucent spots on the lower leaf surface. 


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