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How to Grow Syngonium


Syngonium, sometimes called arrowhead vine, is a tropical climbing or trailing vine with fleshy stems that grow to 6 feet (2m) or more tall. Lovely, arrow-shaped leaves may be green or variegated and from 3 to 12 inches long.

Syngonium leaves change shape as the plant matures; young plants are solid and triangular, the leaves on older plants become deeply cleft forming from three to nine leaflets.

Syngonium can be grown as a houseplant supported by a stake or in a hanging basket. In tropical regions, it can be grown outdoors as a groundcover or climbing plant to cover a wall.

Syngonium is a genus of 33 species of evergreen climbers native to tropical Central and South America.

Get to Know Syngonium

  • Plant type: Tropical trailing or upright evergreen perennial
  • Growing Zones and range: Zones 10-11
  • Hardiness: Tender
  • Optimal growing temperature: day 70°F (21°C), night 55°F (13°C)
  • Light: Medium to bright indirect light
  • Height and width: 3 to 6 feet (1-2m) tall
  • Foliage: Arrow-shaped leaves on long stalks to 12 inches (30cm) long; vining stems can grow to 15 feet (4.5m) long
  • Use: Houseplant, hanging baskets
  • Common name: Syngonium, Nephthytis, arrowhead vine
  • Botanical name: Syngonium podophyllum
  • Family: Araceae
  • Origin: Tropical Central and South America

Where to Plant Syngonium

  • Light outdoors: Plant Synogonium om dappled or partial shade.
  • Light indoors: Grow Syngonium in medium to bright indirect light.
  • Soil outdoors: Plant Syngonim outdoors in fertile, moist soil
  • Soil indoors: Grow Syngonium in an all-purpose potting mix. Give the plant a wooden slab to climb.

How to Water and Feed Syngonium

  • Water Syngonium to keep the soil evenly moist—less moist in winter.
  • Fertilize Syngonium 2 to 3 times in summer when growth is active.

Syngonium Care

  • Prune Syngonium frequently to promote the growth of young leaves.

Growing Syngonium as a Houseplant

  • Give Syngonium bright light, a warm temperature, and medium to high humidity.
  • Water moderately and allow the soil to dry between waterings.
  • Fertilize Syngonium regularly in spring and summer.

Syngonium Common Problems

  • Mealybugs and spider mites can be a problem. Knock pests off with a strong spray of water or spray plants with insecticidal soap.
  • If growth is spindly, move the plant into more light.
  • Leaf markings tend to fade as the plant grows older.

Syngonium Propagation

  • Propagate Syngonium from cuttings.

Syngonium Varieties to Grow

  • Syngonium auritum. Trailer or climber; grows to 10 feet tall; arrow-shaped glossy mid to deep green leaves.
  • S. erythrophyllum. Climber grows 6 to 10 feet talll dark green leaves; green and white spathes.
  • S. macrophyllum. Cliber with ovate mid-green leaes grows 6 to 10 feet tall.
  • S. podophyllum, arrowhead vine. Climber or trailing grows 3 to 6 feet tall; arrow-shaped leaflets, dark green above. Several cultivars: some cultivars have solid green leaves, others have pale yellow or creamy veins, others have white or gold speckles.

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