How to Grow Persian Parrotia — Parrotia

Parrotia leaves
Leaves of Parrotia persica

Persian Parrotia, Parrotia, is a small to medium-size deciduous tree native to Persia. It belongs to the Witch Hazel Family. Parrotia is sometimes grown as a large shrub.

The flower of Parroti are without petals but have conspicuous purple stamens and appear before the leaves. Leaves take on a brilliant coloring in fall.

Parrotia is propagated by seed and layers.

Parrotia persica tree form

Get to Know Persian Parrotia

  • Plant type: Deciduous tree
  • Growing Zones and range: 5-10
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Height and spread: To 40 feet (12m) tall and 45 feet (13.5m) wide; round from; often multi-trunked with horizontal branching
  • Foliage: Leaves turn orange, yellow, and scarlet in fall.
  • Flowers: Inconspicuous, petalless flowers with protruding red stamens from late winter to early spring
  • Bloom time:
  • Uses: Specimen tree,
  • Botanical name: Parrotia persica
  • Common name: Persian Parrotia
  • Origin: Persia-Iran

Where to Plant Persian Parrotia

  • Grow Persian parrotia in full sun for best leaf color.
  • Persian parrotia is tolerant of a variety of well-drained soil.

When to Plant Persian Parrotia

  • Transplant balled-and-burlapped or container-grown Persian parrotia in early spring.
Persian ironwood tree with autumnal leaves Parrotia persica.
Persian ironwood tree with autumnal leaves Parrotia persica.

Planting and Spacing Persian Parrotia

  • Space trees 20 to 30 feet apart.

How to Water and Feed Persian Parrotia

  • Keep the soil evenly moist.
  • Fertilize Parrotia with aged compost spread to the dripline at least once a year.

Persian Parrotia Care

  • Mulch around Parrotia to keep grass from growing under the tree.

Persian Parrotia Common Problems

  • Persian parrotia has no serious pests or diseases.

Persian Parrotia Propagation

  • Sow seed in fall.
  • Graft in winter or early spring on witch hazel (Hamamelis spp.)
  • Take cuttings in midsummer.

Persian Parrotia Varieties to Grow

  • ‘Biltmore’ has excellent fall color.
  • ‘Pendula’ has a weeping habit.
  • ‘Vanessa’ is columnar.

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