in ,

How to Grow Coffee Plant

Coffee plant flowers
Coffee plant blossoms

Coffee plant, famous for its beans, is an exceptionally handsome house plant. Indoors this tropical shrub will top out at about 4 feet (1.2m) tall.

Coffe plants glossy, oval, dark green leaves are distinctly ribbed; the leaves look as if they have been polished. Funnel-shaped white flowers are followed by red berries–the beans from which you can make coffee.

Get to Know Coffee Plant

  • Plant type: Tropical evergreen shrub
  • Growing Zones and range: 10-11
  • Hardiness: Tender; keep the temperature between 70° and 75°F (21°-24°C)
  • Height and width: Grow to 12 feet (3.6m) in the tropics, indoor plants will not grow to half that height
  • Foliage: Glossy, oval, dark green leaves are distinctly ribbed, grow to 4 inches (10cm) long and 2 inches wide
  • Flowers: Clusters of fragrant, funnel-shaped, white flowers that are followed by small berries; flowers and berries appear at the base of leaves
  • Bloom time: Summer
  • Uses: Tropical shrub, houseplant
  • Botanical name: Coffea arabica
  • Common name: Coffee Plant
Coffea arabica - coffee plant
Coffea arabica – coffee plant

Where to Plant Coffee Plant

  • Coffee plant prefers bright, filtered sunlight, not direct sun.
  • Coffee plant needs humidity; grow plants on a humidity tray or mist several times a week.

How to Water and Feed Coffee Plant

  • Keep the soil moist (like a squeezed sponge) but not soggy; reduce water during autumn and winter rest period allowing the soil to dry out almost completely between waterings
  • Apply a complete fertilizer every two weeks during spring and summer, withhold fertilizer applications during autumn and winter.

Coffee Plant Care

  • If you are trying to keep the coffee plant a particular size, pinch out the growing tips regularly during the spring and summer growing period.
  • The coffee plant will drop leaves if temperatures drop below 55°F/13°C.
  • Cut plants back in spring to keep them small and to encourage compact growth.
  • Coffee plants can attract aphids, mealybugs, scales, and whiteflies but are generally disease-free.

Coffee Plant Propagation

  • Start new plants from stem cuttings or from seed; new plants will not flower or fruit for about four years.

Coffee Varieties to Grow

  • Coffea arabica grows well indoors; this is the same plant that produces high-quality coffee beans.
  • C.a. ‘Nana’ fowers and fruits earlier.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Bleeding heart vine

How to Grow Bleeding Heart Vine–Clerodendrum

Great burnet

How to Grow Burnet–Sanguisorba