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How to Grow Chamaerops

Chamaerops humilis leaf
Chamaerops humilis leaf

Chamaerops–commonly called dwarf fan palm or Mediterranean fan palm–is a bushy palm with bluish or grayish-green leaves. It has multiple stiff, spiny stems that emerge from a fiber-covered base. At the top of each stem is a dark green, fan-shaped frond. Each frond is divided into many sword-shaped sections.

Chamaerops is one of the hardiest palms. It can withstand temperatures as low as 32°F (0°C).

Chamaerops is a genus of one species. It is commonly grown as a houseplant, but in warm-winter regions, it can be grown as a specimen outdoors.

Chamaerops is native to rock and sandy slopes and scrub in the western Mediterranean.

Get to Know Chamaerops

  • Plant type: Palm
  • Growing zones and range: Zones 12 to 14.
  • Hardiness: Hardy to 32°F (0°C)
  • Height and width: 6 to 10 feet (2-3m) tall and 3 to 6 feet (1-2m) wide
  • Foliage: Broad, bamboolike leaves
  • Flowers: Arching flowering stems bear silvery green flower spikelets that resemble flattened clusters of oats
  • Bloom time: Spring to summer
  • Uses: Houseplant, container plant, hedge plant where hardy
  • Common name: Dwarf fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm
  • Botanical name: Chamaerops
  • Family name: Arecaceae
  • Origin: Western Mediterranean region
Chamaerops humilis, Mediterranean fan palm
Chamaerops humilis, Mediterranean fan palm

Where to Plant Chamaerops

  • Grow Chamaerops in full sun where the weather is not hot; grow in partial shade in hot summer regions.
  • Plant Chamaerops in well-drained, moderately fertile soil. Chamaerops will tolerate poor soil.

When to Plant Chamaerops

  • Set Chamaerops outdoors in spring or summer.

Planting and Spacing Chamaerops

  • Space Chamaerops 3 to 6 feet (1-2m) apart.

How to Water and Feed Chamaerops

  • Water: Give Chamaerops regular water. Water sparingly in winter.
  • Feeding: Apply a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly.

Chamaerops Care

  • Repot Chamaerops when it becomes pot bound.
  • Pot on or top dress Chamaerops in spring.

Growing Chamaerops as a Houseplant

  • Chamaerops grows best in direct light, but it can adapt to lower light once it becomes accustomed to growing indoors.
  • Chamaerops needs a warm temperature, and medium to high humidity.
  • Keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy.
  • Apply fertilizer in spring and summer.

Chamaerops Pests and Diseases

  • Spider mites, mealybugs, scale insects, and thrips can attack Chamaerops.
  • Butt rot and false smut can occur.

Chamaerops Propagation

  • Chamaerops can be divided when it becomes pot boung.
  • Sow seed at not less asnt 72°F (22°C) in spring.
  • Separate suckers in late spring.

Chamaerops Varieties to Grow

  • Chamaerops humilis. Grows in bushy clumps to 20 feet tall and sometimes as wide; green to bluish-green leaves.

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