How to Grow Carolina Jasmine — Gelsemium

Carolina jasmine Gelsemium

Carolina jasmine, Gelsemium, is an evergreen twining perennial climber. Carolina jasmine is grown for its funnel-shaped, sweetly fragrant, five-petaled yellow flowers borne in clusters in early to mid-spring.

Get to Know Carolina Jasmine

  • Plant type: Evergreen late winter- or early spring blooming vine
  • Growing Zones and range: 7-9
  • Hardiness: Half-hardy
  • Height and width: 15’- 20’
  • Foliage: Simple green leaves are arranged opposite
  • Flowers: Yellow
  • Bloom time: Winter and early spring
  • Uses: Plant on a fence, trellis, or arch; can be used as a groundcover on banks
  • Botanical name: Gelsemium sempervirens
  • Common name: Carolina jasmine, evening trumpet flower, woodbine

Where to Plant Carolina Jasmine

  • Plant Carolina jasmine in full sun to light shade
  • Grow Carolina jasmine in average to humus-rich soil.
  • Avoid waterlogged sites.
Carolina jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens

When to Plant Carolina Jasmine

  • Set established Carolina jasmine in the garden in spring or fall.

Planting and Spacing Carolina Jasmine

  • Space Carolina jasmine 10 to 15 feet apart.

How to Water and Feed Carolina Jasmine

  • Carolina jasmine needs ample moisture; keep the soil evenly moist.
  • Fertilize Carolina jasmine with a slow-release fertilizer each spring.
  • Prune Carolina jasmine every few years to renew growth; right after flowering prune back Carolina jasmine by half to two-thirds.
  • Carolina jasmine is usually pest and disease-free.

Carolina Jasmine Care

  • Mulch around Carolina jasmine to conserve soil moisture.
  • Tie plants to support; Carolina will twine upwards.
  • Prune after flowering to control growth.
  • Transplant container-grown plants in spring.

Carolina Jasmine Propagation

  • Take cutting in summer. Sow seed in spring.

Carolina Jasmine Varieties to Grow

  • ‘Pride of Augusta’ (‘Plena’) has double flowers.

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