How to Grow Bidens


Bidens is a short-lived perennial that bears bright golden yellow daisy-like flowers with a light honey fragrance. Biden leaves are bright green and divided into threadlike segments.

Bidens is a small mounding, spreading, and training plant. It grows 7 to 24 inches tall and about 24 inches wide. It is well-suited for flower borders. It can be planted in containers and hanging baskets where it will trail over the sides. Bidens attracts butterflies and bees.

Bidens is a genus of about 200 species of annuals, perennials, and shrubs. All bear clusters of dislike flowers. The species Bidens ferulifolia is commonly grown in gardens.

Bidens is a subtropical plant. It is native to Mexico and Guatemala. It must be overwintered indoors in cold winter regions.

Bidens ferulifolia
Bidens ferulifolia

Get to Know Bidens

  • Plant type: Short-lived perennial
  • Growing zones and range: Zones 8 to 11
  • Hardiness: Hardy to Zone 8
  • Height and width: 12 inches (30cm) tall and wide
  • Folaige: 1 to 3 pinnate green leaves with lance-shaped leaflets
  • Flowers: Daisy-like, golden-yellow flowers; flowers have a honey fragrance
  • Bloom time: Summer to autumn
  • Uses: Border, container, hanging basket
  • Common name: Bidens
  • Botanical name: Bidens
  • Family name: Asteracea
  • Origin: Southern Mexico and Guatemala

Where to Plant Bidens

  • Plant Bidens in full sun.
  • Plant Bidens in humus-rich, well-drained soil.

When to Plant Bidens

  • Set container-grown Bidens in the garden in spring.

Planting and Spacing Bidens

  • Space Bidens 12 inches (30cm) apart.

How to Water and Feed Bidens

  • Bidens grow best in moist, but not wet soil.
  • Fertilize Bidens with an all-purpose, slow-release organic fertilizer in spring.

Bidens Care

  • Deadhead Bidens to encourage continued blooming.

Bidens Pests and Diseases

  • Bidens is prone to mottle virus, leaf spot, whtie smut, downy mildew, powdery mildew and rust.
  • Bidens can be attacked by leaf miners and aphids.
Bidens 'Blazing Fire'
Bidens ‘Blazing Fire’

Bidens Propagation

  • Sow seed in warm soil in spring.
  • Root stem cuttings in spring or autumn.
  • Divide perennial Bidens in spring.

Bidens Varieties to Grow

  • Bidens ferulifolia. Spreading tender perennial grows to 12 inches tall; lacy, deeply divided leaves; bears golden yellow, 1 ¼ – to 1 ½ -inch-wide, daisylike flower heads from summer to fall. Cultivar ‘Golden Goddess’ bears 2-inch-wide flowers. Overwinter plants or grow as an annual. Cultivars include: ‘Golden Eye’ grow mounded 10 to 12 inches tall and slightly wider’; ‘Goldilocks Rocks’ grow mounded to 14 inches tall and wide; ‘Namid Compact Yellow’ grows mounded, 7 inches tall, 16 inches wide. 

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